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Spring 2018 · Vol. 47 No. 1 · pp. 126–138 

Faculty Publications 2017

Vic Froese

BOOKS

  • Bartel, Dietrich. Andreas Werckmeister’s Musicalische Paradoxal-Discourse: A Well-Tempered Universe. Contextual Bach Studies. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2017. [CMU]
  • Cooper, Brian, and Andrew Dyck. Ordination: Principles & Practice. Winnipeg, MB: Board of Faith and Life of the Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, 2017, http://www.mennonitebrethren.ca/resource/bfl/. [MBBSC]
  • *Dyck, Andrew, Elenore Doerksen, Jon Isaak, and Angeline Schellenberg, eds. Family Matters: Discovering the Mennonite Brethren. Canadian rev. ed. Winnipeg, MB: Kindred, 2017. [MBBSC]
  • Gilbert, Pierre. Reconsidering the Status of the Unborn. Social and Lifestyle Series: Life before Birth [pamphlet]. Winnipeg, MB: Board of Faith and Life, Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, 2017. [MBBSC]
  • Janzen, Waldemar. Reminiscences of My Father Wladimir Janzen: Teacher, Minister, Gulag Survivor, July 26, 1900 – May 15, 1957. Winnipeg, MB: Waldemar Janzen, 2017. [CMU]
  • Kunz, Michael. Muir’s Temples: A Natural History of Sequoia Grove Plants. Three Rivers, CA: Sequoia Parks Conservancy, 2017. [FPU]
  • McDonald, David. How to Be with God: A Primer on Christian Prayer. Jackson, MI: Independent, 2017. [TC]
  • ———. Then. Now. Next: A Biblical Vision of the Church, the Kingdom, and the Future. Jackson, MI: Independent, 2017. [TC]
  • Neufeld, Timothy D. U2: Rock ’n’ Roll to Change the World. Tempo: A Rowman & Littlefield Music Series on Rock, Pop, and Culture. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017. [FPU] {127}
  • Peterson, Gregory R., *James A. Van Slyke, Michael L. Spezio, and *Kevin S. Reimer. Habits in Mind: Integrating Theology, Philosophy, and the Cognitive Science of Virtue, Emotion, and Character Formation. Boston: Brill, 2017. [FPU]
  • Sears, Jonathan. Unmet Hopes to Govern Mali’s Persistent Crisis: A Stabilizing Mali Project Report. Chaire Raoul-Dandurand en études stratégiques et diplomatiques. Montréal: Université du Québec à Montréal, 2017. [CMU]
  • Wahl, Erin. Secure the Night. Lombard, IL: Bitterzoet Press, 2017. [FPU]
  • *White, Randy, and H. Spees, eds. Out of Nazareth: Christ Centered Civic Transformation in Unlikely Places. Skyforest, CA: Urban Loft Publishers, 2017. [FPBS]

ESSAYS

  • Baker, Mark D. “Global Theology.” In T&T Clark Companion to Atonement, edited by Adam J. Johnson, 509–14. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017. [FPBS]
  • Geddert, Tim. “Zum Wohl der Gemeinde.” In Fit für die Welt!?, edited by Lukas Amstutz and Hanspeter Jecker, 197–206. Schwarzenfeld: Neufeld Verlag, 2017. [FPBS]
  • Ratzlaff, Aleen J. “Ida B. Wells and Coverage of Lynchings and Antilynching Efforts in Selected Mainstream Newspapers, 1892–1894.” In After the War: The Press in a Changing America, 1865–1900, edited by David B. Sachsman, with Dea Lisica, 247–68. New York: Routledge, 2017. [TC]

ARTICLES

  • Bartlett, Rick. “Welcome to the Table.” Christian Leader, July/August 2017, 15–16. [TC]
  • Born, Bryan. “The Holy Spirit Living in Us.” Mennonite Brethren Herald, January/February 2017, 8–10. [CBC]
  • Boruszko, Graciela. “Football and the Rituals of War: A Game within a Game?” Pacific Journal 12 (2017): 7–31. [FPU]
  • Carter, Cindy L. “Depression, Antidepressants, and Cognitions: Silent Schemas in the Walking Wounded.” Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy 7 (2017): 287. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000287 [FPU]
  • Cheung, Ken. “God-inspired Words, Numbers, and Amino Acids: The Building Blocks of Life.” Pacific Journal 12 (2017): 87–94. [FPU] {128}
  • Enns-Rempel, Kevin. “Paul Toews: A Tribute.” Direction 46 (Spring 2017): 3–9. [FPU]
  • ———. “Paul Toews Bibliography.” Direction 46 (Spring 2017): 100–106. [FPU]
  • Faber, David. “Extravagant Christmas.” Christian Leader, November/December 2015, 10–11. [TC]
  • Froese, Brian. “Archives in Undergraduate History Courses.” Mennonite Historian 43, no. 2 (June 2017): 2, 4–5. [CMU]
  • ———. “Planet Caravan: California Mennonite Youth on the Road in Western Canada.” Direction 46 (Spring 2017): 57–68. [CMU]
  • Geddert, Tim. “Biblische Modelle, Menschen zu Leiten.” Mennonitisches Jahrbuch (2018): 8–14. [FPBS]
  • ———. “Die erste Gemeinde Europas. Eine Auslegung von Apg 16, 6–40 in missionarischer Perspektive.” Ausbildung für die Mission Gottes (Evanglische Missiologie) 3 (2017): 157–62. [FPBS]
  • ———. “Faith Testimony.” Direction 46 (Fall 2017): 164–75. [FPBS]
  • Gerbrandt, Gerald. “A Scholar? Or a Pastor?” Direction 46 (Fall 2017): 176–85. [CMU]
  • Gilbert, Pierre. “And the Word Became Flesh.” Mennonite Brethren Herald, November/December 2017, 12. [MBBSC]
  • Heidebrecht, Doug. “Be Transformed!” Mennonite Brethren Herald, April 2015, 12–14. [TC]
  • ———. “James Wm. McClendon Jr.’s Practice of Communal Discernment and Conflicting Convictions among Mennonite Brethren.” Baptistic Theologies 7, no. 1 (Spring 2015): 45–68. [TC]
  • ———. “Preacher, Teacher, Pastor, and Elder as Authorities in the Church: McClendon’s Portrayal of God’s Authority and Canadian Mennonite Brethren.” Baptistic Theologies 6, no. 2 (Autumn 2014): 24–42. [TC]
  • Hunt, Karol. “Nurturing the Servant’s Heart.” Christian Leader, September/October 2015, 12–13. [TC]
  • Janzen, Rod. “Old Order Christianity in the Central Valley: Old German Baptist Brethren, Holdeman Mennonites, and Spiritual Jumper Molokans.” Direction 46 (Spring 2017): 81–99. [FPU]
  • Koop, Karl. “Critical Engagement—Not Avoidance: A Response to Anabaptism’s Upcoming Anniversary Celebration.” Mennonite Life 71 (2017), {129} https://ml.bethelks.edu/issue/vol-71-special-issue-why-500-years/article/critical-engagement-not-avoidance-a-response-to-an/. [CMU]
  • ———. “Interfaith Interaction—Integral to Christian Proclamation.” Vision: A Journal for Church and Theology 18, no. 2 (Fall 2017): 14–23. [CMU]
  • Kyle, Richard. “An Unlikely Scholar.” Direction 46 (Fall 2017): 195–205. [TC]
  • Lenz, Darin D. “Faith in the Hearing: Gospel Recordings and the World Mission of Joy Ridderhof (1903–1984).” Studies in Church History 53 (2017): 420–34. [FPU]
  • ———. “Help Preserve Auxiliary History.” Navigator Express (October 2017): 29. [FPU]
  • ———. “The Work of Remembering: The Auxiliary History Division.” Navigator Express (October 2017): 28–29. [FPU]
  • McDougall, Matthew, Olga Francisco, *Candice Harder-Viddal, Roy Roshko, Markus Meier, and Jörg Stetefeld. “Archaea S-layer Nanotube from a ‘Black Smoker’ in Complex with Cyclo-octasulfur (S8) Rings.” Proteins 85 (2017): 2209–2216. DOI: 10.1002/prot.25385 [CMU]
  • *McMillen, Rebecca, John McMillen, and Michael Mahoney, “The Intersection of Sport, Art, & Public Disability Access: An Analysis of Best Practices.” Pacific Journal 12 (2017): 53–65. [FPU]
  • Nickson, Ray. “Multnomah at the Bat: The Impact on Baseball in Australia of the Multnomah Amateur Athletic Club’s 1929 Tour.” Pacific Journal 12 (2017): 33–52. [FPU]
  • *Pruett, Christin L., Angela Ricono, Cory Spern, and Kevin Winker. “Island Life and Isolation: The Population Genetics of Pacific Wrens on the North Pacific Rim.” Condor: Ornithological Applications 119 (2017):131–42. [TC]
  • Ramirez, Jaime. “Reflections on the World Cup.” Pacific Journal 12 (2017): 103–10. [FPU]
  • Rempel, Valerie. “JB and the Sisters: Women, Missions, and Money.” Direction 46 (Spring 2017): 26–39. [FPBS]
  • Rose, David B. “Health of a Whole Person.” Courier 32, no. 1 (April 2017): 11. [FPBS]
  • Winter, Ray. “The Bigger Purpose: Using a Diversified Valuation Model for Athletics Success in NCAA, DII and DIII Universities.” Pacific Journal 12 (2017): 67–86. [FPU] {130}

PUBLIC LECTURES, ADDRESSES, CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS

  • Bartlett, Rick. Presented “MOOC’s and their Value for Professional Development” at the iTrac Kansas Educators Symposium, March 2017. [TC]
  • ———. Presented “Entrepreneurship and Leadership” at the Malawi United Methodist Church Youth Leadership Summit, October 2017. [TC]
  • Brownell, Chris, and Leslie Love Stone. “Versatile Genius: A Case Study Intersecting Math, Science, Art, and California’s National Parks.” Presentation at the 2017 Bridges Math Art Conference, Waterloo, Ontario. [FPU]
  • Dyck, Andrew. “Reformation Heirlooms.” A three-part sermon series preached at Fort Garry Mennonite Brethren Church, Winnipeg, Manitoba, November 2017. [MBBSC]
  • ———. “Singing as Discipleship: Gifts and Pitfalls.” Presentation at the Equip Study Conference of the Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, in Abbotsford, British Columbia, November 2017. [MBBSC]
  • Enns-Rempel, Kevin. “The City of Fresno: Images of its Growth and Development.” Presentation to Leadership Fresno, in Fresno, California, November 2017. [FPU]
  • Knopp, Shawn M. Guest conductor/clinician for Honor Jazz Band, Kansas Music Educator Association, North Central District, December 2017. [TC]
  • ———. “Instrumental Conducting,” a lecture delivered at Central Christian College, October 2017. [TC]
  • Lenz, Darin D. “German Pietism: ‘God-pleasing Reform of the Reformation, 1675 to the Present,” for the symposium on Ethics, Theology, and the Reformation at 500 (Leon S. Peters Ethics Lecture Series), at The Ethics Center, sponsored by California State University, Fresno, and St. Paul Catholic Newman Center, Fresno, California, October 2017. [FPU]
  • ———. “ ‘Hail Luther’s Contribution’: A Sixteenth-Century Reformer in Cold War America.” Lecture to the American Society of Church History/American Catholic Historical Association joint spring meeting in Berkeley, California, April 2017. [FPU]
  • Stefek, Tammy. “Articulating the Culture of the Original National League for Nursing Center of Excellence Nursing Programs in the USA.” Lecture delivered at the Sigma Theta Tau Evidence-based Practice Nursing Conference, Wichita, KS, April 2017. [TC] {131}
  • ———. “Culture of NLN Centers of Excellence: Creating Community and Embracing Diversity in Nursing Education.” National League for Nursing Education Summit. San Diego, CA. September 2017. [TC]
  • Stobbe, Stephanie. “Politics of Mobility—Enroute to Resettlement: Detention Centres and Refugee Camps.” Paper presented at Forgotten Corridors—Global Displacement & the Politics of Engagement, a conference of the Canadian Association for Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, May 2017. [CMU]
  • ———. “Moving from Marginalization to Mutuality” and “The Movement of Refugees from Marginalization to Mutuality.” Papers read at Mo(u)vement: CASCA/IUAES2017, a conference of the Canadian Anthropology Society and International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, at the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, May 2017. [CMU]
  • Vanderhoof, Lara. “Adverse Childhood Experiences.” Presented to Offender Victim Ministries, McPherson, Kansas, April 2017. [TC]
  • ———. “Self-Care Strategies.” Presented to the Region VII Head Start Leadership Conference, June 2017. [TC]
  • ———. “Human Trafficking in My Community: A Response.” Presented at the McPherson Public Library, McPherson, Kansas, September 2017. [TC]
  • ———. “Mandated Reporting: The Basics.” Offender Victim Training, McPherson, Kansas, September 2017. [TC]
  • Wilson, Angulus. “Do Not be Afraid, Stand Still: Exodus 14:13.” Revival Pentecostal Church, Cape Town, South Africa, June 2017. [FPU]
  • ———. “One Step Ahead of the Enemy.” Part of the West Fresno City Wide Summer Revival Sermon Series at Fresno Temple Church, May 2017. [FPU]

PERFORMANCES

  • Saul, Walter. Sonatinas & Bagatelle. Ahyeon Yun, pianist. Bloomington, IN: Enharmonic Records, 2017. [FPU]

POETRY

  • Wahl, Erin. “Call Me a Wound.” 13 Myna Birds, May 2017. [FPU]
  • Wahl, Erin “My Mother Asked Me Tonight if I’m Okay” and “The Fire Meal.” Mojave River Review 3, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2017): 115–17. [FPU] {132}

DISSERTATIONS

Dennison, Don. “Mobilizing Churches for Cross-Cultural Outreach: A Study of Missions-Active Churches in the Churches of God, General Conference.” Doctor of Ministry, Global Studies. Columbia, SC: Columbia International University, 2012. Advisor: Christopher R. Little. Current Position: Adjunct Professor, School of Adult & Graduate Studies, Tabor College, Wichita.

Abstract: This research was undertaken for the purpose of discovering what factors lead some churches in a denomination to excel more than others in cross-cultural missions participation. Using descriptive research methodology, twelve missions-active churches were selected for analysis. Information was gathered from interviews, surveys, and archival research. Based on the policies and practices of these missions-active churches, case studies were written so that other churches could learn from their example.

While the missions policies and structures varied among these churches, commonalities did exist. The influence of a former or present pastor and the leadership of the missions team were primary factors which motivated these churches to excel in missions engagement. Missions-active churches must have missions champions who are motivated to involve others in communicating the biblical narrative of God’s heart for all peoples and how He is fulfilling His purposes in the world today. Those missions education priorities shape the church culture through multigenerational learning experiences—not only in the classroom and in worship but also on the mission field. Prayer for missions is essential, but missions-active churches are supportive and sending churches.

Missions-active churches can be either large or small and are found in both rural and city settings. Every church can have some form of cross-cultural engagement. Denominational missions mobilizers can utilize the information gained from this research to inform and assist more churches in becoming involved in a global ministry.

Dueck, Gilbert R. “A Transformative Moment: Emerging Adult Faith Development in Conversation with the Theology of James E. Loder.” Doctor of Philosophy, Theology. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Vrije Universiteit, 2017. Promotors: Dr. Fernando Enns, Dr. Parush R. Parushev, Dr. Nancey Murphy. Current position: Academic Dean, Columbia Bible College, Abbotsford, BC.

Abstract: This dissertation seeks to engage the question of faith development among emerging adults from a descriptive practical theological perspective. This involves an engagement with the question of how human and faith development interact and culminates {133} in a robust theological account of both the “ordinary” of human development and the “extraordinary” of Christian transformation. These questions are engaged with the Canadian Mennonite Brethren context in view.

The starting point is the much-discussed “delayed adulthood” thesis and the adverse effect many believe it is having on faith retention in many Western contexts. This thesis is best-conceptualized by Arnett’s theory of emerging adulthood which I offer as a useful articulation of the coming-of-age experience in many Western contexts. I then offer a summary and critique of the now-standardized assessment of religious decline within this demographic.

The discussion of faith retention among emerging adults raises the question of how to account for the way faith changes over time. Fowler’s Faith Development Theory is engaged as the still-dominant structural account of this phenomenon, particularly as a way of understanding the relationship between faith development and developmental psychology. Fowler’s theory, while illuminating, identifies faith as a species of human meaning-making and this is problematic for any understanding of faith that takes its object (i.e. God) as ultimately significant.

I introduce James Loder’s theology of transformation as a way of accounting for the gaps in Fowler’s theory as well as situating faith development within a larger theological context. Loder’s theological perspective offers a vision that is not restricted to human meaning-making within a socially constructed environment. Rather, all human change demonstrates a pattern of death and resurrection as individuals and communities encounter both the threat of ultimate futility and despair as well as the gracious promise of new life through the Spirit of God.

This understanding of transformation is “thick” enough to include both gradual incremental change as well as decisive convictional experience and offers promise for articulating a theo-logic for all aspects of the Christian journey. This is especially important for ecclesial contexts that are characterized by a “conversionism” that struggles to account for the “ordinary” alongside of the “extraordinary” movements of God’s Spirit in the context of a human life.

Dyck, Andrew. “Praying Like the Catholics? Enriching Canadian Mennonite Brethren Spirituality through Lectio Divina, Spiritual Direction, and the Taizé Community.” Doctor of Philosophy, Theology. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (with the International Baptist Theological Study Centre). Submitted 2017. Promoters: Ivana Noble, Paul J. J. van Geest, Ian Randall. {134} Current position: Assistant Professor of Christian Spirituality and Pastoral Ministry, Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary at Canadian Mennonite University, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Abstract: In this dissertation, I address the question of how one group of Protestant evangelicals— Mennonite Brethren in Canada—can draw organically on spiritual practices coming from other Christian traditions. This question is significant in light of the discussions among North American evangelicals about the appropriateness of adopting spiritual disciplines from Christians—such as Catholics—whom Protestants have at times viewed with criticism and suspicion. Seeking an enriched spiritual life, some Mennonite Brethren have learned the previously unfamiliar practices of spiritual direction, lectio divina, and Taizé singing, while other Mennonite Brethren have criticized this development.

In keeping with the academic discipline of Christian spirituality, I employ an interdisciplinary methodology consisting of a comparative inter-textual analysis based on a close reading of texts describing experiences and practices that Christians associate with their life with God. Drawing on historical and contemporary resources, I provide a critical historical survey of Mennonite Brethren life. That survey—unique to this study—shows that conversion, scripture reading, and singing have been central features of Mennonite Brethren spirituality, even as the experiences, practices, and theological understandings associated with these three continually developed after the denomination’s founding in 1860. I go on to examine founding and contemporary expressions of spiritual life within the Ignatian tradition, the Benedictine tradition, and the Taizé Christian Community because these are like roots for the spiritual direction, lectio divina, and Taizé singing being practiced by some Mennonite Brethren. In light of the ways that these practices and their sources have influenced Mennonite Brethren, I consider how these three practices can be organically appropriated, so that Mennonite Brethren can honour and live faithfully to their historical past—as the other three Christian traditions and communities do—while also remaining open to new possibilities for living richly in the life of the Spirit.

It is my contention that this investigation can help Christian groups engage with each other’s diverse practices and traditions in ways that will foster unity within the Body of Christ.

Nickel, Jesse. “The Synoptic Jesus and Eschatological Violence.” Doctor of Philosophy, New Testament Studies. St Andrews, Scotland: The University of St Andrews. Submitted 2017. Advisor: N. T. Wright. Current position: Faculty of Biblical Studies, Columbia Bible College, {135} Abbotsford, BC.

Abstract: This thesis offers fresh insight into the relationship between violence and eschatology in the Synoptic Gospels’ presentation of Jesus’s life and ministry. It seeks to refute the claims of scholars who have argued that the hypothesis of a violent, seditious Jesus makes the most sense of otherwise incoherent Synoptic passages, by contending that such scholars have not properly understood the role that eschatological expectations played in motivating Second Temple Jewish revolutionary violence, and hence have misread crucial Synoptic passages.

The thesis can be divided into three units. First, in chapters two and three, I argue that there were integral connections between violence and eschatology in Second Temple Judaism; demonstrating first the inherently violent components of eschatological writings, then the clearly eschatological elements of major instances of revolutionary violence. Second, in chapters four and five I demonstrate the thematic centrality of Jesus’s opposition to such eschatological violence throughout the Synoptic presentations of his life and ministry. I argue that a proper understanding of violence and eschatology together enables us to see allegedly problematic passages as part of the coherent Synoptic narrative, in which Jesus consistently disassociates eschatological violence from his inauguration of the kingdom of God and his identification of its people. Third, in chapter six I argue that the Synoptic Jesus’s rejection of eschatological violence is closely bound up with the central place of exorcism within his ministry, through which he began to achieve the eschatological goals which many of his contemporaries sought to achieve through revolutionary violence.

Therefore, this thesis argues that (i) by understanding the fundamental connections between eschatology and violence within the worldview of Second Temple Judaism, we can understand Jesus’s nonviolence––expressed both in his own practice and in his commands to his followers––in direct connection with his rejection of the eschatological violence envisioned by many of his contemporaries; and (ii) this forms a central and consistent aspect of the Synoptic presentations of his life and ministry.

Plastow, John. “The Humility Factor: Healthy Churches are Led by Humble Pastors.” Doctor of Strategic Leadership. Virginia Beach, VA: Regent University. 2017. Advisor: Virginia Richardson. Current Position: Adjunct Professor, School of Adult & Graduate Studies, Tabor College, Wichita.

Abstract: This research was undertaken for the purpose of identifying pastoral leadership styles and comparing them with the seven attributes {136} of the humility factor which combine to create humble intelligence. When humble intelligence is applied to any leadership style, it improves and the pastor leads more like Jesus led.

Humility is not usually high on the list of attention-getting goals to which pastors aspire, nor an ambitious state to be sought after and realized, even among pastors who have publicly expressed their commitment to spreading the good news of Jesus. Let’s face it, in this culture of self-promotion, inflated egos, and celebrity status-seeking, humble is just not sexy. It typically does not capture the spotlight nor draw crowds of people to a church, where they will dwell on every word one preaches. There are humble pastors doing the work of Christ excellently with growing vibrant churches, but don’t expect to hear about it from them. They quietly and faithfully execute their calling, trusting that their actions will speak for themselves and that God will bless them as He sees fit.

These pastors authentically consider humility above hubris, calling above celebrity, and kingdom impact above personal reward. They possess the seven qualities found in the humility factor, as modeled by Jesus, which lead them to a state of humble intelligence, equipping them to lead their churches in a manner that is not always common today. This book is about how church lay leaders can identify these qualities, then hire and develop a leader with them.

With the premise that healthy churches are led by humble pastors, this project explores how, when the humility factor is applied to any leadership style, it is improved. The positive is amplified as humble intelligence enhances good qualities and the negative is lessened as humble intelligence dilutes qualities contrary to humility through the attributes of the humility factor modeled by Jesus. When a leader adopts the humility factor and attains humble intelligence, the result will be that they will lead more like Jesus led.

Ruder, Romney. “Competencies and the Changing World of Work: The Need to Add Cultural Adaptability and Cultural Intelligence to the Mix When Working with Urban Missionary Candidates.” Doctor of Education, Organizational Leadership. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University, 2017. Advisor: Kent Rhodes. Current Position: Associate Professor of Business, Tabor College.

Abstract: As more people gravitated to the city, urban areas in the United States became increasingly diverse, yet the church missed the opportunity to reach these multicultural cities. Though there were efforts at designing a core curriculum for cultural adaptability training, there was a lack of data supporting its effectiveness. {137}

Much of the church’s response to the urbanization focused on cross-culturalism with the view of urban communities as mission fields. Literature revealed that cultural adaptability and cultural intelligence were needed skill sets for the workplace. Faith organizations that routinely worked among cross-cultural populations needed to ensure that their staff received proper training in cultural skills before leaving for the field.

This research centered on a small study of urban missionary candidates from World Impact. The quantitative approach followed a methodology that was exploratory, rather than hypothesis, driven. The design used a survey tool called the Cross Cultural Adaptability Inventory. The tool utilized a Likert scale and rating scale questions, as opposed to open or closed question surveys.

In determining acceptable levels of cultural adaptability in missionary candidates, this study found evidence of notable increases in adaptability as a result of training. Additionally, cultural adaptability in relation to demographics was validated. However, the linear combination of demographics predicting cultural adaptability was not found.

Literature supported the lack of consensus on the direction of cultural adaptability studies. The expectation of this study was that organizations would take a deeper look at how they were conducting cultural adaptability training. The data gathered from this research project led to the recommendation for continued study on the individual components of cultural adaptability, including additional occupations and pretesting as a best practice prior to post-testing.

Swisher, David. “Vantage Point: Using Narrative and Discourse Analysis of Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount to Improve Discipleship Outcomes.” Doctor of Ministry, Semiotics & Future Studies (Leadership in the Emerging Culture). Portland, OR: Portland Seminary at George Fox University, 2017. Advisor: Steve Dangaran. Current Position: Learning Management Systems Coordinator, Tabor College, Hillsboro, Kansas.

Abstract: When the narrative and discursive aspects of Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount (SOTM) are divorced from their cultural and rhetorical context, traditional historical-critical methods of exposition miss important contextual applications. Originally delivered as a live discourse to an audience of first-century Jews, the text and circumstances of the SOTM are recorded in Matthew 5–7 by one of Jesus’s followers as an embedded discourse within the larger framing narrative of the first gospel. {138}

However, the dynamics of interactive discourse are quite different than what contemporary readers experience with printed text on a page. Absent that live exchange and its embedded cultural and rhetorical context (both Jewish and Rabbinic), it is easy to miss key truths and applications, thereby reducing our ability to see its counter-cultural implications for today. The inevitable result is that church attenders become more knowledgeable about the Bible and its words, but have difficulty appreciating its counter-cultural applications and applying its counter-cultural message to their lives.

The Sermon on the Mount is replete with meanings and implications which would have been self-evident to the original audience but which are not necessarily clear to later readers apart from a careful analysis of their rhetorical significance by analyzing the interplay of the recorded discourse, the rhetorical context, and the narrator’s focalization of it. Using insights from Bakhtinian dialogism, perspectives from semiotics and communication methods, and tools from narratology and discourse analysis, this dissertation re-engages those cultural and rhetorical insights to enable pastors and teachers to discern its counter-cultural message, and ultimately to resolve the disconnect between believers’ lifestyle (discipleship) and Jesus’s expectations. Since our hermeneutical methods potentially shape our teaching and preaching, this research analyzes the core and essence of Jesus’s most important teaching to consider important ramifications for how we communicate discipleship and holiness expectations today.

This bibliography includes publications of faculty, emeriti, and students of schools that sponsor Direction, identified as follows:

  • Canadian Mennonite University (CMU)
  • Columbia Bible College (CBC)
  • Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary (FPBS)
  • Fresno Pacific University (FPU)
  • Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary Canada (MBBSC)
  • Tabor College (TC)

In cases of multiple authors where one author is not from a sponsoring school, the author of interest is marked with an asterisk (*).

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